These Leeds buildings are all Grade I-listed, but don’t get the attention they deserve.
Oh me, oh my, have we been sleeping on some incredible pieces of local architecture! These five gems have all been granted the ultimate honour of Grade I status, which means they’re considered ‘buildings of exceptional interest’. But for some reason, they’re overlooked and under appreciated. From ground-breaking hospitals to historic churches and medieval homes, it’s time to give these architectural treasures a whole lotta love.
Calverley Old Hall
Calverley Old Hall will take you back in time to medieval Leeds. Unlike most buildings built around the same time, this pretty manor house has been left almost untouched for 600 years, which is one of the reasons it’s Grade I-listed. The timber-framed Solar is the oldest part of the building and dates back to the 13th century. The rest of the Old Hall was added in the late 15th century and it’s home to some of its most impressive features, including the original chapel and the great hall, which still stands with its ornate six-bay hammer-beam roof.
Calverley Old Hall, 10 Woodhall Road, Calverley, Pudsey, West Yorkshire, LS28 5NL.
Lumb Hall is one of the last surviving examples of a ‘Halifax House’, a group of small but intricate mansions built in West Yorkshire between 1630 and 1660. The building is in remarkable condition for its age and the traditional Yorkshire stonework has been beautifully maintained. The architectural cherry on the top is an 8-panel wheel window that stands front and centre above the arched doorway. Lumb Hall is a private 5-bedroom residence, so the inside, which is just as well preserved, isn’t on show to the public.
Lumb Hall, Back Lane, Drighlington, West Yorkshire, BD11 1LS.
Leeds General Infirmary
When it was renovated in the mid-19th century, Leeds General Infirmary became one of the first truly-modern hospitals in the UK, bringing together breathtaking design and efficient layouts. This ground-breaking hospital was designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott and completed in 1868. It’s one of the finest examples of mid-Victorian architecture in Leeds and shows off the Gothic revival-style that was popular at the time. From fancy arches to lancet windows, Burmantofts brickwork and granite pillars, this is an architectural gem hidden in plain sight.
Leeds General Infirmary, Great George Street, Leeds, West Yorkshire, LS1 3EX.
Fulneck Moravian Church
In the 18th century, the Moravians came to Leeds from Central Europe to support local Christians during a period of great religious fervour. They created their own community in Fulneck, near Pudsey, and the church at its heart is one of the finest Moravian churches in the UK today. From the stained glass windows to the historic pulpit and the wooden Tuscan columns inside, it’s a sight to behold. It’s also home to a rare John Snetzler organ that’s almost as impressive as the church itself.
Fulneck Moravian Church, 38 Fulneck, Pudsey, West Yorkshire, LS28 8NT.
Church of the Epiphany
The Church of the Epiphany is a very modern church, so it doesn’t always get the love it really deserves. It was built in 1938 by Nugent Cachemaille-Day, one of the leading lights of modernist architecture, and he challenged traditional ideas of ‘church design’ throughout. It’s built out of red brick and concrete, rather than the ornate masonry we usually associate with old churches. The long slit-like windows and prominent apse that dominate the design are both hallmarks of groundbreaking mid-20th century design.
Church of the Epiphany, 227 Beech Lane, Gipton, Leeds, West Yorkshire, LS9 6SW.Cover image credit: © Copyright Leeds-List 2020 by Katie Nicole